Plastic-Free Hoi An: Towards a Green Destination

Once faced with waste management challenges exacerbated by tourism, two communes in Hoi An, Vietnam — Cam Thanh and Cham Islands (Tan Hiep Commune) — have become the faces of Zero Waste through the collaboration of stakeholders from the government, community organizations, farmers’ associations, businesses, and tourism associations.

Waste pickers from South Africa, Ghana, Tanzania, Kenya, Morocco and Zambia have demonstrated the common need for official recognition from national and municipal governments, better working conditions, PPE, improved payment for their recovered materials and collection and processing service, and an end to social stigmatisation.

The experience of organising shows that these needs are achievable through building representative organisations that will ensure that their voices are heard in negotiations with governments and demonstrate their value to society.

This requires waste pickers to work collaboratively and embed the principles of democracy, equality and environmental justice in their organised structures. Furthermore, municipalities and national governments need to recognise the value that waste pickers play in diverting waste from the landfills, encouraging recycling where materials re-enter the economy and addressing poverty by providing an income for individuals that have been excluded from the formal economy.

Waste pickers from South Africa, Ghana, Tanzania, Kenya, Morocco and Zambia have demonstrated the common need for official recognition from national and municipal governments, better working conditions, PPE, improved payment for their recovered materials and collection and processing service, and an end to social stigmatisation.

The experience of organising shows that these needs are achievable through building representative organisations that will ensure that their voices are heard in negotiations with governments and demonstrate their value to society.

This requires waste pickers to work collaboratively and embed the principles of democracy, equality and environmental justice in their organised structures. Furthermore, municipalities and national governments need to recognise the value that waste pickers play in diverting waste from the landfills, encouraging recycling where materials re-enter the economy and addressing poverty by providing an income for individuals that have been excluded from the formal economy.

En el año 2005, la Asociación de Municipalidades para el Desarrollo Económico Local (AMDEL), de la que Santa Juana forma parte, trata la problemática de los residuos sólidos urbanos (RSU), concluyendo que cada comuna presenta una realidad distinta, surgiendo la necesidad de conseguir recursos para el estudio de la situación comunal.

San Andrés es una isla colombiana con una economía se encuentra dominada por el comercio y el turismo. Como ocurre en otras islas, tiene problemas de sobrepoblación y de espacio para la disposición adecuada de los residuos generados por los residentes y visitantes. En los años 2000 nace la propuesta de una solución mágica: quemar los residuos y producir energía. Pero durante una década la costosa instalación de incineración no funcionó y los residuos continuaron acumulándose en el vertedero que ya estaba al límite.

“Reciclaje sin recicladores es basura”. La frase, que resuena entre las organizaciones de recicladores de base – o “recicladores informales” – de América Latina y el Caribe, se vuelve indispensable a la hora de planificar cualquier política de manejo de residuos en una región donde se calcula que 4 millones de personas trabajan de la recoleción y procesamiento de materiales reciclables. En esta publicación se muestran ejemplos y brindan herramientas para quienes busquen diseñar políticas de basura cero en contextos donde existan recicladores informales.

Since 2004, Rwanda began a process of carrying out national bans to reduce the consumption and manufacturing of single-use plastic in the country. In contrast to polluting approaches like “waste-to-energy” incinerators and landfills, the approach to tackling plastic waste management entailed the enforcement of strong policies, which has reaped environmental, social and economic benefits.

Londrina é um município brasileiro localizado no estado do Paraná, na Região Sul do país, distante 381 km da capital do estado, Curitiba (ver Figura 1). A população de Londrina é de 575.377 habitantes. Londrina tem o posto de cidade mais populosa do interior do estado paranaense, e o município possui uma área de 1.652,569 km², com densidade populacional de 348,2 habitantes/km² (IBGE, 2020).

A presente pesquisa realizada em Maio e Junho de 2021, envolveu um levantamento de dados secundários (websites e relatórios) e dados primários coletados por via de entrevistas conduzidas de forma online com representantes do governo e da cooperativa Acácia. Araraquara é um município brasileiro localizado no interior do estado de São Paulo, na Região Sudeste do país, com população total de 238.339 habitantes, sendo que a maioria (229.361), ou seja 96% dos habitantes, vivem em zona urbana.